Sunday, 24 January 2016

How To Create Threads using pthread

                 In this post, we will see how to create threads in C language program using pthread. To study parallel/concurrent programming using any API, array addition (One dimensional) is always a better choice. It's because, in array addition, all additions are independent. You can use one thread to do one addition operation.  
                Here I have provided sample program for concurrent or parallel array addition using pthread. You have to include header file "pthread.h". Each thread is created using function pthread_create(). You can exit from particular thread by calling pthread_exit(NULL).                  
               Go through the following program. 



Program: (progbypthread.c)

#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdio.h>

int numofthreads=5;
int a[5]={1,2,3,4,5};
int b[5]={6,7,8,9,10};
int c[5];

void *arrayadd(void *threadid)
{
   int tid;
   tid = (int)threadid;
   c[tid]=a[tid]+b[tid];
   printf("The value of c[%d]=%d calculated by thread %d\n",tid,c[tid],tid);



   // To exit from this thread

   pthread_exit(NULL);
}

int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
   pthread_t threads[numofthreads];
   int err;
   int i;

   for(i=0; i<numofthreads; i++)
   {
      err = pthread_create(&threads[i], NULL, arrayadd, (void *)i);
      if(err)
      {
         printf("Error while creating thread\n");
         return 0;
      }
   }



   // To exit from main thread

   pthread_exit(NULL);
}




How To Run:
 
To Compile:
gcc -pthread progbypthread.c
(Note: -pthread is used to use pthread library)

To Run:
./a.out

Output:


                         (Note: All array additions are getting computed simultaneously by different threads. That's why you may get result in any sequence.)



Previous: How To Create Threads in Java




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